- / Dolgan-Nenets Municipal DistrictAn administrative district of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Formerly a federal subject of the Russian Federation known as the Taymyr Dolgan-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (AOk), the region (along with the Evenk AOk) was merged with Krasnoyarsk Krai on 1 January 2007, following a 2005 referendum. In the poll, 70 percent of registered voters gave their support for the merger, slightly less than in neighboring Evenkiya. The last governor of the region was Oleg Budargin, who was formerly mayor of Norilsk. Mostly tundra, the region accounts for 40 percent of Krasnoyarsk’s territory. The Taymyr Peninsula is washed by the Kara and Laptev seas and includes the Severnaya Zemlya islands; Cape Chelyuskin is the northernmost point on the Eurasian continent. Dudinka (pop. 25,000) was the administrative capital of the region when it was an AOk. The region’s two titular groups—the Turkic-speaking Dolgans and Uralic-speaking Nenets—make up 14 percent and 8 percent of the population, respectively; ethnic Russians form a majority at 57 percent.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
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Krasnoyarsk Krai — An administrative province of the Russian Federation. Covering over 2.3 million square kilometers, Krasnoyarsk is the second largest federal subject in Russia (after Sakha) and the country’s largest krai. Approximately the same size as Algeria … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Autonomous Okrug — (AOk) Political subdivision of the Russian Federation. Known as national okrugs until 1977, the Autonomous Okrugs are federal subjects of the Russian Federation that are, in most cases, simultaneously subordinated to another federal subject.… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Evenkiya — / Evenkiysky Municipal District An administrative district of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Formerly a federal subject of the Russian Federation known as the Evenk Autonomous Okrug, the region (along with the Taymyr Autonomous Okrug) was merged with… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Far North — The Russian Far North (Dal’ nii Sever) or Extreme North (Krainii Sever) is the area of Russia that lies in the northern periphery of the Eurasian landmass. Located mostly above the Arctic Circle, the Far North includes the federal subjects of… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Federal subjects — Russia is a federation that consists of 83 subjects, down from 89 subjects during the 1990s. These entities possess equal federal rights within the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament), having two seats each. However,… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Geography — Covering more than 17 million square kilometers, Russia is the world’s largest country. The Russian Federation sits on two continents and occupies 13 percent of the earth’s surface; it covers one quarter of the European continent and nearly 30 … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Nenets — Ethnic group. The Nenets are an indigenous Uralic people of Russia’s Far North. According to the most recent census, they number fewer than 50,000 and reside mostly in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Nenetsiya), the Yamalo Nenets Autonomous Okrug … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Norilsk Nickel — One of Russia’s largest publicly owned companies, Norilsk Nickel is a nickel and palladium smelting company jointly headquartered in Moscow and Norilsk Talnakh in Taymyriya. The company also runs the Kola Mining and Metallurgical Company in… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Sakha Republic — An ethnic republic of the Russian Federation. Formerly known as Yakutiya, the Sakha Republic is Russia’s largest federal subject. Only slightly smaller than India, the republic spans three time zones and covers an area of 3,100,000 square… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Sakha — / YAKUTS Ethnic group. The Sakha, formerly known as the Yakuts, are the Turkic ethnic group who comprise the titular nation of the Sakha Republic (Yakutiya); they are the largest ethnic group among the indigenous peoples of the north.… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation